Schizophrenia in adolescents: manifestations and treatment

Schizophrenia often debuts in the transition to adulthood. Teenagers can exhibit strange behavior, to be too suspicious, closed. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to distinguish mental illness from a fragile mood of the child and when to start worrying.

Schizophrenia in translation from Greek means “split mind”. This is a complex mental health disorder, which is characterized by some deviations in behavior. Although irritability and protests are characteristic for many children, transition age, there are some criteria of mental disorders, distinguishing the illness from the changing mood.

Symptoms and signs of schizophrenia in teenagers:

  1. Irritability, nervousness.
  2. Hallucinations visual, olfactory, auditory (voices that condemn, discuss them).
  3. Paranoid personality disorder: a feeling of imaginary surveillance of a teenager.
  4. Restlessness, decrease in school performance, estrangement of the child from the educational process.
  5. Indifference to self-care, disregard for hygiene.
  6. Isolation, social autism.
  7. Depression, mood swings.
  8. Sexual promiscuity, antisocial behavior, craving for drugs and alcohol.
  9. Catatonic stupor.

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The symptoms of schizophrenia in adolescents, a professional assessment can give only psychiatrist on the basis of examination and survey of the patient, as well as required research. Possible undesirable behavior of the child triggered by the surge of hormonal activity during the transition period.

Irritability may be caused by failure in school, feelings associated with school, socializing with peers, and mental illness. Only a psychiatrist can establish a pathology.

Parents should immediately contact the doctor if the teenager having hallucinations – one of the symptoms of schizophrenia. Manifested in the form of visual images, with which the patient is allowed to talk, to escape from their persecution.

Important! It is necessary to distinguish a mental disorder from drug intoxication, caused by various psychotropic substances. For this purpose, testing of urine, blood, hair cannabinoids psilocybine, heroin and other chemical compounds.

There are hallucinations in the form of votes that dictate how to act the teenager, condemn him, talk to him. Paranoid symptoms manifested by suspicion, conviction that he was secretly watching parents or friends. This is one of the characteristic signs of a mental disorder.

The first signs of schizophrenia in teenagers can be a distraction, not involvement in the social life of the class, care in yourself, talk with yourself. Antisocial lifestyle, truancy lessons are also signals mental distress.

Patients become careless, not paying attention to his appearance. School performance often drops. Teachers can make observations at a parent meeting about the child’s behavior. But sometimes progress may be normal or excellent.

Social isolation and autism – the signs of trouble in the mental activities or a consequence of bullying (bullying) by peers. The presence of mental illness can be defined only by a psychiatrist.

Characteristic features:

  1. Depression is a negative symptom of schizophrenia in children of adolescence. Manifested a depressed state, against this background, possible suicide attempt.
  2. Cyclothymia – quick change of mood. Activity, desire activities can move sharply in a period of apathy, lack of will, laziness.
  3. Dysmorphic disorder is dissatisfaction with their appearance can cause depression or exacerbate it.
  4. Nonsense – talking teenager with subjective visual images unclear speech. The child was in a sort of altered consciousness.
  5. Aggression directed at others or yourself is an unfavorable symptom, denoting a necessity of a visit to a psychiatrist or psychologist.

Interesting! Such negative symptoms as depression, apathy, abulia often occur in the autumn, and positive symptoms, hallucinations, delusions – in the spring.

Among the causes of mental disorders doctors distinguish hormonal disruptions, diencephalic syndrome, traumatic brain injury, neuroinfections in history. Family problems and poor relationships with peers often leads to disease. Genetic predisposition is also important.

The cause of schizophrenia in the metabolism of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the temporal lobes of the brain. Positive symptoms associated with elevated levels that is characterized by delusions, hallucinations. Negative symptoms, such as depression, lack of motivation to productive activities, distraction, unwillingness to care for themselves due to a sharp decrease in the production of the mediator of the nervous system.

Cranial, birth injury, diencephalic syndrome, hypoxia at birth predisposing factors to the development of schizophrenic disorders.

You should check for the presence of organic abnormalities of the brain. You will need to undergo an EEG, Echo-EG, neonatology MRI.

For proper diagnosis is required to exclude disorders of the endocrine system causing the disorder: diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicosis, feohromotsytoma. Because hypoglycemia is often manifested aggressiveness, nervousness, as a violation of secretion of the thyroid gland.

Conduct differential diagnosis of drug intoxication: hand over the analysis on presence in biological material of psychotropic substances.

Schizophrenia is a disease that can progress over time and lead to dementia. Therefore, it is important to start treatment of psychopathology in the psychiatric health facility or at home.

When manic, productive symptoms adjust dopamine levels in the brain using antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptics): Haloperidol, Trifluoperazine, Chlorpromazine. These funds are used for relief of delirium, hallucinations, insomnia.

After elimination of positive symptoms, apply the cleansing blood (hemosorption) from the remnants of psychotropic drugs as they can cause unwanted side effects.

While negative symptoms used antidepressants, improves the exchange of serotonin, norepinephrine, Central nervous system.

When the tendency of the adolescent to aggression, autoaggression, suicide, he was placed in a specialized medical institution.

If the status is satisfactory and there is only slight deviation from the norm, use of cognitive behavioral therapy by a psychologist, a therapist. With experts of this sphere discuss family and school problems, look for solutions.

Unconventional therapies:

  1. Light therapy using a special laser that is striking the retina of the eye. It normalizes the metabolism of neurotransmitters.
  2. Diet without gluten, casein, respectively, of protein cereal and milk.
  3. The use of sorbents, enzymatic means for the correction of digestion.
  4. Insulin, atropinovy coma.

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The pathogenesis of schizophrenic psychopathology associated with impaired metabolism of neurotransmitters, therefore, with a view to its correction used laser treatment. Rays fall on the retina, causing the synthesis of serotonin. Therapy relieves negative symptoms: depression, lack of activity.

Baskasina gluten-free diet in some people with digestive problems sometimes weakens the positive symptoms. Milk protein and grains in the case of poor digestion is able to dissolve and be absorbed into the intestine, getting from the bloodstream to the Central nervous system. Gliadin and decomposition products of casein act on the opiate receptors, causing hallucinations.

Therefore, a diet excluding wheat, rye, dairy products can help people with hallucinatory-delusional disorders.

Chelators, such as white or activated charcoal, smectite, absorb toxic products of putrefaction of food remains that help detoxify the body, improve mental state.

There are different forms of the disease, some of them are progressing quickly, leading to dementia. A creeping violation of patients is slow, but requires timely medical treatment.