Stomatitis in children: symptoms and treatment

Inflammatory diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity of the child is often manifested in the form of white patches, painful ulcers and erosions. This condition causes a lot of discomfort of a sick baby and a lot of trouble to his parents.

Stomatitis should be taken very seriously. At first glance, an ordinary childhood disease actually may occur due to the presence of other, more serious health problems.

The most common form of the disease in young children. It is the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with the formation of whitish-yellow lesions in the form of ulcers (AFL).

Aphthous stomatitis, in most cases, is caused by the reaction of the weakened immune system of the child to pathogenic agents. Frequent precursors of disease are influenza, diphtheria, measles, adenovirus and other viral diseases. Causes of the appearance can be:

  • beriberi;
  • diseases of the digestive system;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • injuries and infections of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.

The exact causes of this variety of the disease specialists not established.

At the initial stage of manifestations are very similar to those seen in acute viral or respiratory illness. If aphthous stomatitis is characterized by the following signs:

  • General weakness, lethargy, malaise;
  • irritability, tearfulness;
  • poor appetite, food refusal;
  • increasing the temperature to 38-39 degrees and above;
  • inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck and nape;
  • the appearance of redness on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity;
  • education in the oral cavity as single or grouped painful ulcers (AFL), covered with a grey or yellow tinge on the edge of which has a bright red rim, the diameter of the education reach 5-10 mm.

Aphthous (ulcerative) stomatitis certainly require treatment. In the absence of aphthae (ulcers) begin to merge, increasing in size and spread to other areas of the oral cavity. And the pain is much worse, the child becomes difficult to eat or even speak.

For the treatment prescribed local and General treatment. Local treatment includes rinsing the mouth and use of drugs in the form of sprays and gels. Rinsing can be carried out with a solution of hydrogen peroxide or baking soda, tincture of calendula or chamomile. From the pharmacy means suitable Miramistin or Holisal.

General therapy involves the application of antihistamine drugs such as Tavegil, Suprastin. To enhance the protective functions of the body, a doctor may recommend a vitamin or immunomodulatory drugs. With a significant increase in body temperature must be reduced antipyretic drugs (Paracetamol, Nurofen).

Aphthous stomatitis is not immediate after the ingestion of pathogens, the incubation period usually lasts about 3-5 days, sometimes longer. After the first signs of the disease starts to develop very rapidly and requires urgent treatment.

Usually during illness the child’s body temperature rises up to 39 degrees. All the symptoms of stomatitis in most cases completely disappear after 10-14 days, and there comes a full recovery.

His second name “illness of dirty hands.” This files most often occurs when activated in the body of the bacteria Streptococcus and Staphylococcus. These pathogens are present in the body, even a healthy person, and with the weakening of immune protection, they “Wake up”. In addition, they can exist in the oral cavity of the child if he suffers from chronic tonsillitis, tooth decay, laryngitis, and so on.

If the integrity of the mucous membranes of the mouth is not broken, the danger these bacteria are not present. But in the case of even small damages, they rush to the wound, from which in this place is developing a bacterial process.

This type of disease can be distinguished from other appearances. In bacterial stomatitis characterized by the following symptoms:

  • redness of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity;
  • swelling of the soft tissues in the mouth;
  • cracks and ulcers;
  • increased secretion of saliva;
  • poor appetite or lack of it;
  • unpleasant rotten smell from the mouth;
  • weakness and a high temperature;
  • in some cases there are signs of intoxication.

Given the nature of the disease and its treatment must be carried out with the use of antibacterial drugs. For the local treatment of the oral cavity can be used Tantum Verde, Miramistin, Hexetidine, Metrogyl-Denta, rinsing with a solution Furatsilina.

In severe form of the disease may develop purulent, oslomej that will require the assignment of child antibiotics for oral administration.

The incubation period is 2-10 days. The disease is contagious in the first place for other children. Transmitted by airborne droplets and by contact. An adult can be infected, but only under condition of using the same dishes, and he has mouth sores or crazing.

The body temperature of the child rises on the first day of illness and lasts up to 3 days. If to speak about that, how long are symptoms of the disease, they usually go away in 7-14 days, but then there comes a full recovery.

Photo oral thrush in the newborn

Most often appears in children the first year of life, but occurs at an older age. Its other names “thrush”, and candidiasis. The disease begins to develop with a decrease in immunity and in contact with the mucous membranes of the mouth fungus of the genus Candida.

Usually the cause is lack of hygiene, dirty hands and use sterile nipples and bottles. Another precipitating factor can be antibiotics.

Fungal form of the disease differs from the others. It manifests itself in the form of curd grains of white on the tongue, causing the defeat of the tongue and inside of the cheeks, gums. After some time, it may spread to the surface of the lips. If treatment is not started immediately, the grains fuse together forming a loose film, easily detached from the lining and covering quite large areas. Areas under it red and inflamed.

In addition, children have moodiness, irritability, poor sleep. He lost appetite, increased salivation, severe form of the disease may increase the temperature and weakness.

Fast cure easy form using a weak soda solution. They carried out irrigation of the oral cavity of the child. You can also treat affected areas with a mixture of borax in glycerin. Very good solution Candide — based tool clotrimazole permitted for local use in babies.

If local treatment is not effective enough, the patient prescribers General steps: Nizoral, Diflucan.

The incubation period can last up to 8 days. The disease is contagious and can be transmitted through sharing a Cup by both children and adults.

If “thrush” in children may increase the temperature, but often the disease progresses without her. Fever occurs only in severe form of the disease, in this case, it may take up to 3-5 days.

How long is fungal stomatitis?

With appropriate treatment the symptoms occurs within 7-10 days. But using local products after this you must continue for a period of 5-7 days, as the characteristic of candidiasis recurrences.

The name of this variety of the disease speaks for itself. It occurs due to any injury of the oral mucosa in a child is 1-2 years. Damage can be both mechanical and chemical or physical in nature. Usually occurs during the knowledge of the world “through the mouth”.

It can be burned during the reception, hot food, or some injury by hard objects, for example, a sharp edge of a tooth or a toy.

Mucous membranes become swollen, red and inflamed, later, in these places there sores. There are painful sensation when opening the mouth, chewing of food. In the case of acid burn the site of the lesion appears film. In advanced form of the disease may experience fever, weakness, lethargy.

Treatment should begin with eliminating the cause of the disease. Then assigned to the antiseptic treatment of painful areas with a solution furatsilina hydrogen peroxide, decoction of chamomile or calendula.

When the complex form of the disease are assigned to the anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial drugs: Holisal, Rotokan, Miramistin, Lugol , and others.

Traumatic stomatitis is not contagious. While it may increase the temperature in the child, but this usually occurs only in the absence of timely treatment. Recovery in the form of light takes about 7 days with complex injuries it may take up to 10-14 days or more.

The illness of the child is possible during the initial contact of the virus (HSV-1)infection. Usually the disease appears in severe form at the time of reduction of its protective function and weakened immunity. And once you enter the child’s body, the herpes virus can from time to time manifest themselves in the form of acute periods.

Manifested in the form of painful ulcers and small blisters in the mouth and on the lips of the child. Different severe, moderate and mild forms of the disease.

When severe , the patient sharply raises the temperature up to 40 degrees, and adds an extensive inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth. There are numerous rashes that can spread to the area around the lips, nose and even eyelids. Worse overall health, are showing signs of acute intoxication, severe headaches and muscle pain, nausea turning into vomiting. The child has inflamed lymph nodes in the neck.

Moderate form is characterized by fever up to 37,5-39 degrees. The weakness, chills, headache, inflammation of the lymph nodes. The gums and other soft tissues of the mouth become inflamed and swollen, rashes appear in the form of bubbles in the lips, tongue, cheeks.

Require mandatory medical examination. He will be able to determine the form of the disease and prescribe appropriate treatment, in severe cases may need hospitalization.

Treatment is complex and pursues several objectives:

  • antiviral effect;
  • providing anti-inflammatory effect;
  • strengthening the immune function of the body;
  • acceleration of healing.

For local use the patient is assigned Acyclovir, Zovirax, Holisal. As an immunomodulating agent recommended Viferon.

Mention contagious herpes stomatitis should indicate that this species is particularly contagious and is transmitted by airborne droplets and by contact. The incubation period for primary infection lasts 3-5 days, in chronic form, may not manifest for several years.

How long does a fever?

The high temperature in the acute form may last up to 7 days, with an average of up to 3 days. The outward manifestation of the disease is 1-2 weeks, all the virus in the body it is impossible to destroy.

All varieties of stomatitis most often affect children at a younger age. They manifest themselves in different ways, but the essential require a medical examination and appropriate treatment.